Debeaking

Debeaking, also called beak trimming, is often used in commercial farms to prevent cannibalism and feather-picking. Some sources recommend it for small flocks as well. It involves cutting off part or all of the top beak. Some hatcheries de-beak the chicks the day they are hatched. Others debeak their chickens at the first signs of feather-picking. I do not support de-beaking for a number of reasons.
1. Debeaking is painful to the chicken.
2. Debeaking makes foraging very difficult.
3. Debeaking hinders the chicken from normal preening.
4. Debeaking makes eating more difficult.
5. There will always be a chicken at the bottom of the “pecking order.” Cutting off their beaks to prevent them from enjoying their natural instincts is not necessary.
6. There are other treatments for cannibalism. Good flock management makes debeaking unnecessary.

BROILER PRODUCTION

Broilers are the most preferred ones under poultry meat category. Many Private companies are involved with farmers in contract farming for boiler production. So marketing is no longer a problem. A broiler is a young chicken of below eight weeks of age, weighing 1.5 to 2 kgs body weight, with tender and soft meat.
BEST MANAGEMENT PRACTICES

  • Poultry house temperature: 1st week 950F is quite comfortable and reduced at the arte of 50F weekly until 700F in 6th week.
  • Ventilation: Maintain good aeration, remove the ammonia (bird droppings) regularly to avoid suffocation to birds
  • Lighting: 60 watt bulb for 200 sq. ft floor space
  • Floor space: 1 sq. ft. per bird
  • De-beaking: debeaked when 1-day old

BROILER HEALTH CARE

  • Start with disease free chicks
  • Vaccine against Marek‚Äôs disease at the hatchery
  • RDVF1 at 4-5 days
  • Drugs in feed to prevent coccidiosis
  • Keep feed free from aflotoxin
  • Cover floor with clean litter at least 3 inch deep after each cycle

MARKETING

  • Market at 6-8 weeks old
  • Feeders and waterers removed to prevent bruises during catching
  • Protect the in-transit birds from extreme weather

Some of the private companies involved in contract faring of broilers are Suguna, Coimbatore, VHL, Pune, Pioneer, Bromark etc.

For details regarding

  • Availability of good breeds
  • Requirements and Making of poultry sheds
  • Feeding of poultry
  • Production of healthy birds

Please contact nearest Veterinary Clinics or Department of Agriculture/veterinary sciences.

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